Health care for children and youth
- A parent’s guide to the participation of children and teens in medical education
- Children and youth with type 1 diabetes in school
- Health research in children: What parents need to know
- International adoption: Health issues for families
- Making treatment decisions for babies, children and teens
- Paediatricians in Canada: Frequently asked questions
- Planning care for children and youth with serious medical conditions
- You and your child's doctor
Health information on the web
- Dieting: Information for parents, teachers and coaches
- Dieting: Information for teens
- Feeding your baby in the first year
- Food allergy vs. food intolerance: What is the difference and can I prevent them?
- Food safety at home
- Healthy eating for children
- Healthy snacks for children
- Iron needs of babies and children
- Nutrition for your young athlete
- Vegetarian diets for children and teens
- Vitamin D
- When your child is a picky eater
- Avoiding infection: What to do at the doctor’s office
- Growing up: Information for boys about puberty
- Growing up: Information for girls about puberty
- Handwashing for parents and children
- Healthy bowel habits for children
- Healthy sleep for your baby and child
- Healthy teeth for children
- Physical activity for children and youth
- Physical activity for children and youth with a chronic illness
- Skin care for your baby
- Teens and sleep: Why you need it and how to get enough
- When is my child ready for sports?
- 5-in-1 vaccine
- Chickenpox vaccine
- Diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (dTap) vaccine
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B vaccine
- HPV vaccine for girls
- HPV vaccine: What teens need to know
- Influenza vaccine
- MMR (Measles Mumps Rubella) vaccine
- MMR vaccine: Myths and facts
- Pneumococcal vaccine
- Reduce the pain of vaccination in babies: A guide for parents
- Reduce the pain of vaccination in children and teens: A guide for parents
- Rotavirus vaccine
- Vaccination and your child
When is my child ready for sports?
Children of all ages need physical activity. For many, playing organized sports (such as being part of a soccer team or taking gymnastics lessons) is a fun way to keep active. To get the most benefit out of any sport, children need certain basic skills. And some of these skills depend on a child’s age. If they’re not ready, children may get frustrated and not want to play at all.
What are the basic skills my child needs play organized sports?
Learning skills like throwing, running and jumping is a normal process that children go through. They learn each skill in little bits, and some learn faster than others. By the time your child is between 3 and 5 years, he will have learned some of these basic skills.
How do these skills affect my child’s ability to play organized sports?
To play organized sports, children need to learn how to put these skills together (for example, how to run and throw at the same time). That doesn’t happen until your child is about 6 years old.
When your child is young, sports can be changed to make it easier for her to play. For example, you can:
- use smaller equipment,
- change roles or positions often, such as having the catcher become a fielder for a while,
- make games and practices shorter, and
- make the game fun so that your child wants to keep playing.
When should my child start to play in an organized sport?
Your child can start playing an organized sport when he has the skills he needs to play. Encourage your child to play sports he likes, but also encourage him to try different sports when possible. This will help him learn different skills.
How do I know if my child is ready to play a specific sport?
This chart may also be helpful. It shows the skills that children usually have at different ages and the sports they can start to play.
|Early childhood: 3 to 5 years old||Middle childhood: 6 to 9 years old||Late childhood: 10 to 12 years old||Early teens: 13 to 15 years old||Late teens: 16 to 18 years old|
|Motor skills (movement)||Can run, jump, throw
|Basic skills (running, jumping, throwing) are getting better
Balance is improving
Starting to learn harder skills (for example throwing for distance)
|Getting better at harder skills (such as kicking a ball into a net)
Learning some complicated skills (such as hitting a baseball)
|Growth spurts; body becomes less flexible
Puberty occurs at different times
Skills are closer to an adult level
Hard to follow direction and speed of moving objects
|Getting better at judging speed of moving objects but still has trouble judging direction of moving objects||Fully developed (as good as that of an adult)||Fully developed||Fully developed|
|Learning||Very short attention span
Learn best by copying others
|Short attention span
find it hard to remember a lot of details and make fast decisions
Better able to remember
|Better attention span
Remembers plays and strategy
|Good attention span
|Skills to focus on during this age period||Learn basic skills
Having fun playing and trying different things is more important than competing
|Practice basic skills and learn harder skills||Practice skills
Learn tactics and game strategy
|Individual strengths||Individual strengths|
|Suggested activities||Running, tumbling, throwing, catching, riding a tricycle||Entry-level soccer and baseball, swimming, running, gymnastics, skating, dance, racquet sports such as tennis, riding a bicycle, noncontact martial arts||Entry-level football, basketball and ice hockey||Early-maturing boys: track and field, basketball, ice hockey
Late-maturing girls: gymnastics, skating
All sports depending on interest.
Reviewed by the following CPS committees:
Healthy Active Living and Sports Medicine Committee
Last Updated: February 2012